Urban-port development and environmental sustainability
One of the areas where the problems that exist in the relationships between ports and their urban environments have become most apparent in recent years, is the question of environmental sustainability. The aim of this section is to publish articles that:
- Examine the environmental problems created by port activities and their effects upon both the natural and the urban environments, contextualising general and specific problems alike.
- Concepts, tools of a technological type, regulations, procedures and controls for the environmental management of ports are all presented.
- First-hand accounts, experiences and examples are given of port-city sustainability, environmental conservancy and improving the quality of urban life.
- A description is given of innovations and new ideas for achieving environmental sustainability or concerning climate change.
Port planning and environmental assessments in Italy: state of the art
The paper presents and discusses the results of a research survey conducted by the author on the state of the planning and environmental assessment of port areas in Italy. The survey covers both ports governed by port authorities both by maritime authorities, for a total of more than 150 ports. The survey was developed both through telephone interviews that questionnaires, as well as collecting the material available on institutional websites. Results are rather alarming. The average dating of port plans in force is rather old, and approval of new plans is often very long and compless. The existing plans no longer correspond to the development needs of the port and there is a huge difference in speed between the ability to plan the changes and the port competitiveness. Moreover, few development plans of the ports have been subjected to an environmental assessment. Most ports do not know the environmental performance of their transformations, do not have a monitoring plan, do not have developed measures of mitigation and compensation.
Italian ports; Port planning; Environmental assessment
University of Pisa, Department of Engineering of Energy, Systems, Land and Construction (DESTEC), Largo Lucio Lazzarino, 56122, Pisa, Italy
CASU Alessandra, MOCCI Fabio
Environmental assessment in harbors areas: study on the proposed expansion of Cascais Marina
The Metropolitan Area of Lisbon is today an important place of trade and excellent touristic destination constantly evolving: Cascais is headed to this area as a high quality tourist destination, based on an exclusive offer related to flows of people with a high purchasing power; the AML aims to 2020 the achievement of important objectives of urban, landscape and economic development primarily related to the tourism. In this context, Cascais offers to contribute to this growth through a tourism policy that provides for the expansion of its Marina in the configuration of port of call for cruise ships and large luxury yachts. Planning for a project of this scale, however, it puts at stake a range of issues related not only to tourism but to a radical change of the entire waterfront, especially in relation to the relevant environmental aspects which changes can irreversibly affect the attractiveness of the environment that features this coastal area for quality of bathing waters and for its landscape value. It is necessary to study the actions and their potential effects, which follows the development of a method whose objective it is essential to the environmental assessment of the validity of the project and the repercussions of such effects. The application of this method leads to the comparison of more planning alternatives and finally the choice of the proposal that best meets the initial targets.
Urban planning; Waterfront; Environmental Assessment; Coastal Planning; Port City; Portugal
Head, Master in Planning & Policies for the City, Environment, and Landscape, Department of Architecture, Design, Urban Planning, Sassari University, Alghero (Sassari), Italy
PhD in City, Environment, and Landscape, Department of Architecture, Design, Urban Planning, Sassari University, Alghero (Sassari), Italy
Port-cities on the storm. Discussing post-disaster planning
In times of climate change, port-cities are “on the front line” in facing risks, which are often described as “apocalyptic”. The flooding of the city of New Orleans in 2005 following hurricane Katrina was one of the great catastrophes that an American city has suffered in the last century. Post-Katrina unequal reconstruction is presented here by framing it within a historical perspective in order to highlight how environmental threats had been better tackled in the past, and both the reasons and the ways in which, in contemporary reconstruction, competitive growth has been valued over equity, by directly benefiting those who were already most advantaged.
Climate change; New Orleans; Neo-liberal development; Spatial justice; Planning
Architect PhD, Sapienza University (Rome)