Urban-port development and environmental sustainability
One of the areas where the problems that exist in the relationships between ports and their urban environments have become most apparent in recent years, is the question of environmental sustainability. The aim of this section is to publish articles that:
- Examine the environmental problems created by port activities and their effects upon both the natural and the urban environments, contextualising general and specific problems alike.
- Concepts, tools of a technological type, regulations, procedures and controls for the environmental management of ports are all presented.
- First-hand accounts, experiences and examples are given of port-city sustainability, environmental conservancy and improving the quality of urban life.
- A description is given of innovations and new ideas for achieving environmental sustainability or concerning climate change.
The environmental performance of port areas from the ordinary management to the assessment of the effects of territorial transformations
Port Authorities have begun a process of reflection on environmental sustainability even under the pressure of international initiatives. The ordinary environmental management is increasingly organized on Environmental Management Systems (EMS), structured and aimed at a continuous improvement of the environmental performance of the Port Authority. In addition, environmental issues can be effectively addressed in the preparation of Port Master Plans, through the process of Environmental Assessment. The article highlights the contrast between the uniformity of practices that is found in ordinary environmental management of ports and legal and methodological fragmentation that instead characterize the environmental assessment of development port plans, also through the analysis of the case study of the Port of Livorno, highlighting some emerging issues (eg. sustainability in energy production and consumption) and some problems that hinder the effectiveness of the existing instruments.
SEA; Environmental sustainability; Port planning; Energy.
Architect engineer, PhD, Research fellow, Logistics Systems Department, University of Pisa.