Urban-port development and environmental sustainability
One of the areas where the problems that exist in the relationships between ports and their urban environments have become most apparent in recent years, is the question of environmental sustainability. The aim of this section is to publish articles that:
- Examine the environmental problems created by port activities and their effects upon both the natural and the urban environments, contextualising general and specific problems alike.
- Concepts, tools of a technological type, regulations, procedures and controls for the environmental management of ports are all presented.
- First-hand accounts, experiences and examples are given of port-city sustainability, environmental conservancy and improving the quality of urban life.
- A description is given of innovations and new ideas for achieving environmental sustainability or concerning climate change.
CLARK Nancy M.
Rising Waters and Coastal Port Cities: The Case of Miami
Port cities around the globe are vulnerable to the impact of climate change. Adaptation is essential to maintain the economic viability of the world’s major ports and to protect their large populations and assets. The port city of Miami highlights the extreme impact that sea level rise can have on these economic engines. Ranked second in the world for economic exposure, Miami stands to lose hundreds of billions in assets over the next century. CHU is providing leadership in research on urban adaptation for Miami as well as other coastal cities around the world through collaborative programs, workshops and project-based research. Our recent proposals for Miami explore adaptation at a city-scale by rethinking infrastructural systems such as water management, energy, and mobility; by introducing residential typologies that embrace new water conditions with minimum displacement; and creating real estate investment opportunities while providing enhanced water-based transport.
Resiliency; Miami; Urban Redevelopment; Adaptation; Port Cities
Director, Center for Hydro-generated Urbanism at the University of Florida, 256 Architecture Building POB 115702, 32611 Gainesville, Florida, USA
IGNACCOLO Carmelo, TARTAS Pierre-Baptiste
Shanghai: Urban Development and Water Environment Changes
Shanghai is the most populated metropolitan area likely to be threatened by fast-rising sea level before the end of the century. The historical relation between the city and its rivers (Huangpu and Yangtze) needs to be reinterpreted with groundbreaking solutions in the era of climate change. In the 90’s the local government took a decision to invest more in the tertiary sector in order to create a new and contemporary image of the Huangpu River. New iconic architectural projects – such as Lujiazue CBD, EXPO 2010 site and Bund renovation – started showing up along the riverbanks. Meanwhile, the massive construction and rapid development have contributed to a slow and continuous ground sinking. Therefore the city has been investing lots of resources in build higher floodwalls for protection from storm surges, heavy rainfall, typhoons, floods and sea level rise. In order to face this extreme situation (common to different Chinese urban areas on the Eastern coast of China) the central government launched in 2014 the ‘Sponge City Program’, which has as main outcome the integration of flood control in urban design with specific guidelines for waterfronts (sea and rivers). The paper analyses the area of Wusongkou International Cruise Terminal in Baoshan District (Shanghai) as design experimentation according to the ‘Sponge City Program’ principles.
Shanghai; Flood; Resilience; Baoshan; Port city; Sponge city
Engineer, Postgrad in Urban Design Graduate School of Architecture Planning and Preservation (GSAPP), Columbia University 1172 Amsterdam Ave 10027 NYC, USA
Architect, Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Strasbourg (ENSAS) Dual Master student ENSAS – Tongji University, 6-8 Boulevard du Président Wilson, 67068 Strasbourg, France