Port, city and territory
The place and the situation of the ports and cities in space, their physical location, the urban insertion of port activities, the port cities relationships with the territory, the hinterland, the configuration and networks operation of ports and port cities, the cooperation strategies and port capacity to attract flows of maritime transport, are some of the thematic lines that give content to this section.
GÓMEZ CARAVACA Sara
Urban reorganization of Algeciras Port Main Entrance
The city of Algeciras enjoys a privileged location that has marked its history. Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs were aware of the importance of this harbour and its trade routes. During prehistory, its waters witnessed the arrival of seamen from the East, who disembarked on the coast in search of metals, resources and other produce from the area. Nowadays, the Port of Algeciras Bay becomes the maritime bridge between the South of Europe and North Africa thanks to its geographic location and to the wide range of marine connections, as can be seen on the statistics of the passenger traffic and vehicles that cross the Strait of Gibraltar annually. In 2009, Algeciras was crossed by almost 5 million passengers and 1.4 million vehicles, reaching a total number of 203.572 industrial ones.This paper recalls briefly the main historical steps of Algeciras’s development since its origins. Then, it reviews its recent evolution on three different levels: the one of pedestrian flows, the one of regional connection between Algeciras’s maritime station and the public transport systems, and the local issues of port-city redevelopment both within the traditional city and the port site. Some concluding remarks aim at linking together these three levels of analysis in terms of the possible futures of this project, trying to integrate the design proposal respecting the city and its users.
Urban planning; Algeciras; Mediterranean; Port city; Reorganization; Territory
Civil Engineer, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Caminos, Canales y Puertos de Madrid, Technical University of Madrid (UPM), Madrid, Spain