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PORTUS Port-City Relationship and Urban Waterfront Redevelopment

LAST UPDATE, July 14, 2021
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Economía y negocios


Sección dedicada al estudio de la actividad económica desde la perspectiva que ofrecen las actividades portuarias y el tejido empresarial y negocios que éstas generan. De este modo, se publicarán artículos dedicados al estudio de cuestiones tales como las funciones económicas de los puertos, los agentes y factores de producción presentes en éstos, y en particular:

­ Las diferentes actividades del puerto: la pesca; las industrias asociadas a las actividades portuarias (la construcción naval, los astilleros, la construcción de infraestructura, equipamiento y utillaje portuario, las industrias asentadas en los puertos, etc.); el ocio y turismo vinculado a estas instalaciones (cruceros, náutica deportiva y de recreo, equipamientos culturales y de ocio, etc.); el comercio y el transporte marítimo (tráficos, logística, intermodalidad); el trabajo en los puertos.

­ El impacto económico de los puertos: el papel de los puertos y la economía urbana, regional y nacional; la evaluación del impacto económico de los puertos, las metodologías de estudio, los ejemplos de casos.







The economic contribution of cruise crew to Livorno call: the port-city management implications




Crews disembarking from cruise ships at ports of call have significant economic effects on the host destination. This paper studies the determinants of cruise ships crews’ spending while visiting the city of Livorno. The importance of the port of Livorno for the cruise tourism is due to the vicinity of touristic destinations. Compared with other Italian ports, such as Naples and Civitavecchia, that are a gateway to the tourist hotspots of Pompei and Rome, Livorno receives a lower share of passengers’ expenditures. Indeed, the related economic impact must therefore be allocated to the tours destinations. Unlike the passengers, crews spend mostly all their time in Livorno purchasing food, beverage, transportation and other goods. The paper opted for an exploratory study, including seven hundred interviews to crews and two expert group discussions with Ship agents and Crew Human resources managers. The data were complemented with desk analysis, including statistic data. It provides empirical insights about crew expenditures and port facilities requests in Livorno call. It suggests how economic benefits that accrue to the port city economy arises from different sources among which cruise ship crews’ expenditures for goods and services associated with cruise ships arrival have an increasing important role in port-city management development.





Crew expenditures; Economic impact; Cruise tourism; Port facilities; Port-city management; Local development




Direzione Promozione e Ufficio Studi, Autorità Portuale di Livorno,

Scali Rosciano, 6/7, 57123 Livorno, Italia



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MERZOUG Slimane, DJENANE Abdel-Madjid



The governance of port: what alternative for Algerian ports?




The object of this paper is to analyze the current state and the future orientations of harbor management in Algeria. This country was put tardily at the process of liberalization within the framework of the new maritime law of 1998, which devotes the principle of privatization and separation between the commercial and regulation functions. However, in spite of this legislative and lawful device, the harbor governance did not evolve much. For this purpose, can we consider that in spite of the harbor potentialities available in Algeria, the current situation is irreversible? Our analysis enabled us to conclude that the improvement of the harbor governance in Algeria is dependent on the lifting of the institutional constraints and the physical handicaps from which suffer the current ports. For that purpose, an adaptation of the statute of the ports to the international standards and the construction of ports of big sizes “hubs” are necessary.





Harbor Governance; Harbor Functions; Liberalization; Algeria



MERZOUG Slimane 

Enseignant-Chercheur, Laboratoire d’Économie et Développement, Faculté des Sciences Economiques, Commerciales et des Sciences de Gestion, Université de Bejaia, Algérie 


DJENANE Abdel-Madjid 

Professeur, Faculté des Sciences Economiques, Commerciales et de Gestion, Université Ferhat ABBAS, Sétif, Algérie



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