History of port cities
Transformation of waterfront and its relationship to the city: case of port city Surat, India
One of the most vital assets of cities is proximity to their waterfront that manifests distinct relationship. The structure of cities is linked to the water bodies that contribute to their beginning and their succeeding development. The relationship between waterfront and city is always changing. The concern is, structure of the city does not respond to their waterfront in recent development. Thus the focus of this paper is to understand the waterfront and its relationship to the city in context of Surat, particularly in the present Indian context considering the different stages of the evolution period. The study identifies the factors that establish the relationship and determine how these factors affect the relation. These are; nature of waterfront includes edge condition, water quality and impact of floods. Another aspect is land use components comprising of the functional use and the activity pattern. Further are physical, visual and interpretive accessibility; the built form along the waterfront. This study determines the reasons that affect in establishing the interrelation are; limitation in implementation of policies; lack of initial decision in planning and uncontrolled development; unhygienic condition of the water bodies due to pollution and frequent flooding. This research paper brings forth alarming situations and provides recommendations to the critical issues to be taken care of; to improve and re-establish the relation between city and waterfront.
Waterfront; Transformation; Relationship; Surat; Port City; City Structure; Affecting factors
Professor at Faculty of Architecture, SCET, Surat, India; Candidate, Doctoral Program, CEPT University, Ahmedabad, India