History of port cities
The aim of this section is to publish articles and research work that focus on studying, giving consideration to and analysing the historical development of ports and port cities from the outset, i.e. from the time they first became urban port settlements in prehistoric times, until midway through the 20th Century. The articles may offer either an insight into port cities in specific eras or periods, or partial aspects of the relationships between ports and their cities; these could be from an urban planning, socioeconomic, environmental or cultural viewpoint, etc.
MOCCIA Francesco Domenico, SCALERA Barbara
Port city of Pozzuoli: urban transformations, conflicts and resources
The coexistence of urban activities, port and different uses activity involves a series of conflicts in the border areas between the two identities that end up representing discontinuity and tension areas where the clash replacing the exchange. So while the city and its historic center tries to regain possession of some portions of port areas, at the same time, even the port, with its various destinations it tends to optimize its functions that inevitably involve conflicts in border areas, not only for the different functions, but also for the different skills that correspond to them. Yet these are areas of great potential for the city; areas which, if secured a balanced correlation between functions, uses and their skills can take a role in the public space of valuable importance in socio-economic and cultural perspective. The disputed areas, where they overlap port and urban activities activities are, therefore, places that require a drawing first of all organic unitary and which has the purpose of regulating the various functions ensuring suitable spaces, keeping nevertheless distinct. This is the port of Pozzuoli landscape; a historical and archaeological context of great interest and of great landscape value, where the historical continuity of port functions remains and where the layers of history along with the permanence of functions and activities to represent the identity character of an area of great strategic importance as the Gulf of Pozzuoli.
Historical layers and continuity of functions; Infrastructure system; Demolition and connections
Professore Ordinario di Urbanistica, Dipartimento di Architettura (DiARC), Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II”, Napoli
Assegnista, Dipartimento di Architettura (DiARC), Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II”, Napoli
PAGES SANCHEZ José Manuel
Evolution of Lisbon’s Port-City relation: from the earthquake of 1755 to the port plan of 1887
The industrial revolution has been considered by many historians, geographers and planners a key moment in the evolution of the port-city relation. This period is often seen as the first break up between the port and the city due to the technological changes, the jump in the maritime and industrial scale, and the first large industrial port plans. We will explain how this period occurred in Lisbon, what other issues might have affected the relation between the port, the city and the river, and what alternatives were discussed at the time. In the end we will be able to understand how a decision related with the port development might affect the image of the port-city for centuries. Finally we invite the reader to join us in an imagination exercise to picture an alternative port-city relation in Lisbon today.
Lisbon; Waterfront; Port City; Industrial Revolution; Port Planning; 19th Century; Urban History; Port History
Architect, Hafencity University